gipuzkoakultura.net

Logo de la Diputación Foral de Gipuzkoa
Logotipo gipuzkoakultura

gipuzkoakultura.net

2019ko azaroak 14, osteguna





Bertan > Bertan 20 Burdin aroko herri harresituak Gipuzkoan > Ingeles bertsioa: The geographical setting

Printable PDF version [11,8 Mb]Acrobat icon

The geographical setting

31. Forest clearances dating from protohistoric times can still be seen in many places, especially around the original settlements.© Xabi Otero
31. Forest clearances dating from protohistoric times can still be seen in many places, especially around the original settlements.© Xabi Otero

From the northern coast to the mountains rising to 1500 metres in the south, Gipuzkoa afforded these people a relatively varied relief. Three principal rivers - the Oria, the Urola and the Deba - flowed northward across the territory, forming valleys which were to become important communication routes. A series of smaller intermediary valleys further divided up the space, offering a variety of elevations and environments.

33. During the Iron Age, Gipuzkoa was covered in great swathes of forest.© Xabi Otero
33. During the Iron Age, Gipuzkoa was covered in great swathes of forest.© Xabi Otero

The local climate of the first millennium BCE was not significantly different to our own, albeit somewhat colder: winters were mild and wet and even the highest peaks remained free of snow for much of the season; typically of a temperate oceanic climate without a dry season, summers were cool.

32. Mountains and valleys, typical features of Gipuzkoa's rugged topography. © Lamia
32. Mountains and valleys, typical features of Gipuzkoa's rugged topography. © Lamia

The mild temperatures in the low valleys and the relative lack of frost, together with frequent rainfall, heavier in mountain areas, resulted in abundant vegetation, with large stretches of forest.

The human impact on the environment was greater than in earlier times, especially in areas closest to the settlements. The original oak groves gradually made way to bushes and grassland, ferns, and a range of plants and trees related in one way or another to human occupation.

25. Saddle quern found at Intxur.© Aranzadi Zientzia Elkarteko Gordailu Zentroa
36. Beech wood. © Xabi Otero
34. Coastal view.© Lamia
34. Coastal view.© Lamia
35. Oak grove.© Xabi Otero
35. Oak grove.© Xabi Otero
Licencia Creative Commons. Pulse aquí para leerla
2019 Kultura eta Euskara Departamentua- Gipuzkoako Foru Aldundia.
Para conectar con nosotros mediante skype pulse aquí
Logotipo Gipuzkoa.net. Pulsar para ir a la página de Gipuzkoa.net